The double 6m high fence is well visible around the city. It has an area of 12.3 km² and 86 000 inhabitants.
It is a Spanish city since 1497, 5 years after the end of the Reconquista. In a symmetric fashion, Granada in Spain remained part of Al-Andalus from 719 to 1492. While it is 150 km away from mainland Spain, 75% of the inhabitants feel "only Spanish", while 25% feel as Spanish as Melillense according to a 2014 survey.