Nagorno-Karabakh under blockade since December despite the armistice between Azerbaijan and Armenia

Sentinel-2 MSI acquired on 13 February 2019 at 07:40:29 UTC
Sentinel-2 MSI acquired on 26 January 2023 at 07:51:09 UTC
Author(s): Sentinel Vision team, VisioTerra, France -
Keyword(s): Security, infrastructure, roads, Armenia, Azerbaijan
Fig. 1 - COP-DEM - Nagorno-Karabakh lies in a mountainous part of Azerbaijan, separated from Armenia by Lachin Corridor.
Fig. 2 - S2 (13.02.2019) - The Lachin Corridor in 2019, before the second Nagorno-Karabakh war.
The historic Armenia area has been near the moving border of conflicting powers, located in what is today Russia, Turkiye and Iran. After the Armenian genocide, Nagorno-Karabakh was inhabited by 90% of Armenian but the Soviet government granted it to Soviet Azerbaijan.
Following the 1991 collapse of the Soviet Union, Nagorno-Karabakh declared independence after a referendum recognized only by Armenia, the Republic of Artsakh remains De jure Azeri.
Fig. 3 - S2 (26.01.2023) - New roads have been built since, all are blocked since December 2022 to cut the region from Armenian resources.
After the 2020 armistice of the second Nagorno-Karabakh war, Lachin corridor became the sole connection between Armenia and Nagorno-Karabakh, protected by a Russian peacekeeping force.
On 12 December 2022, so-called Azerbaijani eco-activists launched a blockade of the Lachin corridor. Importation of food, fuel, and medicine is blocked, and the 120 000 residents of the region are trapped, creating a humanitarian crisis. During the blockade, various vital infrastructure which passes from Armenia to Artsakh through Azerbaijani-controlled territory has been damaged at different times, including gas, electricity, and Internet.