As storage ponds deplete, Spain turns toward mass desalinisation plants

Sentinel-2 MSI acquired on 10 August 2022 at 10:36:29 UTC
Sentinel-1 CSAR IW acquired on 19 August 2022 at 18:02:28 UTC
Sentinel-1 CSAR IW acquired on 20 September 2022 at 05:53:31 UTC
Sentinel-2 MSI acquired on 04 February 2023 at 10:52:41 UTC
Author(s): Sentinel Vision team, VisioTerra, France -
Keyword(s): Climate change, coastal, natural resources, drought, food security, irrigation, agriculture, Spain
Fig. 1 - S1 (09.08.2022->20.09.2022) - To irrigate its crops, Spain has long relied on its many storage ponds which are depleting after successive dry years.
Fig. 2 - S2 (10.08.2022) - Barcelona relies on its large desalination plant, with a 200 000 m³/day capacity, for its drinking water during the summer.
For lack of rain, with the recycling measures being insufficient to cope with the lack of water alone, Spain is increasingly relying on sea water, the country has more than 700 desalination plants.
Fig. 3 - S2 (04.02.2023) - The most powerful desalination plant in Torrevieja has a capacity of 240 000 m³/day, requiring a power input of 50 MW to do so.
Fig. 4 - S2 (04.02.2023) / S1 (20.08.2022->13.09.2022) - These plants deliver a scalable output of drinking water but emit a brine.output.