Such conflicts have become chronic due to lack of land and water resources and demographic growth in the Ferghana Valley. The situation escalated in 2014, with five border clashes and four in 2019. Uzbekistan and Tajikistan have not yet fully demarcated their borders.
40 000 civilians were displaced, over 170 people were injured and 55 people were killed, which of 31 Kyrgyz civilians. More than a hundred houses and other real estate in Kyrgyzstan were set on fire.
The Kyrgyz Prosecutor General's Office filed a case on the crime against the peace on 30 April and accused the Tajikistan Armed Forces of invading the country and seizing their sovereign territory.